In honor of World Toilet Day (Nov 19), How Stuff Works asked the ultimate toilet-related question: What if everybody in the United States flushed the toilet at the same time?
Since as far as we could find out -- no one's ever tried it before -- we can't say for certain exactly what would happen. But we can take a pretty good guess: "It would be ugly," says Steve Cox, one wastewater treatment facility operator we interviewed.
Here's the theoretical outcome: Link - Thanks Becky :)!
In a new building in Memphis, strobe lights and klaxons were installed in all the office spaces and rest rooms. During the first fire drill all the alarms went off over the entire campus.
The strobe lights caused the automatic toilets to all flush at the same time - and continued until the alarms were reset.
The problem was the hydraulic pressure created by water moving through all of the pipes at top speed (limited only by the pressure from the source and drag from the pipes). When all the flushing stopped at exactly the same moment, the water pipes burst.
Unfortunately, pipes DO burst. Thankfully, this is rare, but it can and does happen from time to time.
That said, many cities have older sewer systems that have bricked in channels, not concrete pipes. These will obviously be a weak point in the unlikely case that everyone flush their toilets at the same time.
the real problem would be treatment plant capacity. It would probably accept and discharge all of the inflows, but it would not have adequate time to treat the waste.
In case of too much intake, the system wouldn't even try to feed it to the treatment plants - the dirty water will just be shunted to sea untreated.
Second, if everyone flushed at once, not all of the fluid would zoom through the pipes at once. If you lived five miles from the treatment plant, it would take your flush over an hour to reach the point where mine, next door to the plant, entered the same pipe location.
Third, pipes would not burst. They are designed for worst case pressure, encased in compacted earth, and attached to manholes. Each manhole has a lid that would pop off before a pipe would burst.
As for velocity, yes the fluids would gain some speed, but not whole lot. Friction losses would probably offset any increase in head pressure.
Next, the lift stations are designed for the maximum theoretical flow of the inlet pipe. It is possible that backpressure from the outlet could affect the flow rate, but, again, the worst that might happen would be an ugly puddle right around the area of the pumping station.
Lastly, the real problem would be treatment plant capacity. It would probably accept and discharge all of the inflows, but it would not have adequate time to treat the waste. The result might be a decrease in water quality at the outlet of the plant.
Nearly this scenario exists each year at the beginning of halftime for the Super Bowl. We haven't had floods yet!
Oh man... The stuff you learned about velocities just increasing higher and high is completely whack. If that were the case, a full bathtub would drain as quickly as a half full tub. There is some increase in the drain rate from the added head, but ultimately the size of the limiting orifice (which could be the pipe itself) establishes the restriction.
By any chance, did you learn your physics in a public high school?