We know for a fact that an eruption happens when Mentos is added to a Coke drink. But did you know that the eruption differs in intensity depending on altitude? Authors Tom Kuntzleman and Ryan Johnson showed this phenomenon on their study published in the Journal of Chemical Education.
Ryan Johnson and I recently examined the effect of altitude (and therefore atmospheric pressure) on the Diet Coke and Mentos experiment. To do so, we carried out the experiment in many places around the US at altitudes that ranged from below sea level in Death Valley to over 14,000 feet at the top of Pikes Peak. We had an absolute blast.
The more you know!
(Image Credit: Tom Kuntzleman and Ryan Johnson/ Improbable)
Guess Who? is a two-person game that shows a variety of people with different physical traits. One character on each side is selected as the target. Each player takes turns asking if the selected person has a certain appearance until one player correctly guesses the identity of the target.
Etsy seller Bored But Cozy makes versions of Guess Who? that show the characters from popular TV shows, including Friends, The Office, Grey's Anatomy, It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, and more.
If you want to watch movies, but you don't want to pay for a streaming service, you might look into public domain films. There are more of them than you realize, but finding them could be difficult. That's why you should bookmark the new streaming service called Voleflix. Matt Round found all kinds of public domain films and aggregated them on one site to make it easy to watch classics such as Roger Corman's Little Shop of Horrors (1960), Frank Capra's Meet John Doe (1941), and Abbot and Costello in Jack and the Beanstalk (1952). There are also cartoons, Three Stooges shorts, and even a couple of Voleflix originals. If you don't want to watch old movies, you may know someone who would be tickled pink to learn about Volefix. -via Metafilter
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta has recommended that everyone (except infants) wear a cloth face cover when in public settings where there are other people, such as grocery stores. Since medical-grade face masks need to be reserved for medical professionals and the sick, the rest of us should be making our own masks.
People dye their hair for different reasons. Some dye their hair to portray a particular image. Some do it to fit in with the latest trend, or to go against the standards of beauty. Some would just want to randomly change something about them. Regardless of the reason, it’s important to point out that someone’s hair color, or their hair style, has been one of the ways that society judges someone. For women, it’s one of the ways that they can be objectified, to the extent that the way they style their hair is an indicator of whether or not they’re worthy of attention. Terrible, I know. Being one of the products that helps people in changing their image, hair dye has a long history, as CNN details:
In its early iterations, hair coloring was done by both men and women to enhance their looks or hide white strands, according to Victoria Sherrow's "Encyclopedia of Hair: A Cultural History."
Ancient civilizations used rudimentary hair colorants, based on recipes that included cassia bark, leeks, leeches, charred eggs, henna -- still commonly used across the Middle East and India -- and even gold dust.
Ancient Greeks favored gold and red-gold shades, associated with Aphrodite, the goddess of love, health and youthfulness. Likewise, high-class Greek and Roman prostitutes opted for blonde hues to suggest sensuality.
It wasn't until the Middle Ages in Europe that hair dyeing began shifting into a predominantly female habit.
Bleaches, often made with blended flowers, saffron and calf kidneys, were particularly in vogue, although Roman Catholics associated blond hair with lasciviousness.
Red dyes, often a mix of saffron and sulfur powder -- the latter of which could induce nosebleeds and headaches, was popularized during the 16th-century reign of Elizabeth I of England.
The hue was a favorite in Italian courts as well, thanks to Renaissance artist Titian, who painted female beauties with red-gold locks. In the 18th century, European elites favored perfumed white and pastel powders made from wheat flour dusted lightly onto natural hair and wigs.
While most hair dyes were composed of plants and animal products, the evolution of the practice also saw the use of dangerous, even lethal methods to change hair color: lead combs to darken it, or sulfuric acid to lighten it.
It wasn't until the early 20th century that hair dye as we know it -- chemical, in a rainbow of colors, shop-bought or salon-applied -- came to be.
Due to a lot of establishments being closed during this pandemic, there have been shortages of some important items. Food and sanitary items are few of the resources that are hard to find these days. While the majority are looking for what they need, here’s one resource that is still abundant: chicken wings. That’s right, chicken wings aren’t really flying off the shelves. Usually, chicken wings are eaten in bars and restaurants, and they are difficult to repackage for retail, as Vice details:
Obviously countless restaurants and sports bars are closed across the country now too, and chicken wings aren't necessarily high on customers' takeout list. Super estimates that 70 percent of wings are eaten in bars or restaurants, with the other 30 percent coming from supermarket or deli sales. They're not exactly flying off the shelves right now though –– and that's partially because it can be difficult to repackage them for the retail market.
"When you sell to food service, it's in a big bulk container," Russ Whitman, senior vice president at commodities market firm Urner Barry, said. "When you sell it to me and you, it has to be in a tray or a bag that we can pick up. Not all facilities can do that."
There's no real consumer demand for chicken wings right now—despite the fact that other meat sales are surging. The National Chicken Council reports that meat department sales were up by 76.9 percent during the week of March 15, when compared to that same week one year ago, with chicken sales jumping by $183 million. Chicken breasts made up more than half of the sales total, followed by chicken thighs, and chicken legs. (The biggest seller overall was ground beef, which was up by 73.1 percent compared to this time last year.)
If you're into chicken wings, though, and are cool with making them at home, there's a chance that they could become one of the best bargains in the meat case. On Wednesday, the wholesale price for a pound of wings was $1.25, 35 cents a pound lower than they were at the beginning of the month. It could be a decent time to stock up—and you don't have to sleep in a Buffalo Wild Wings to get them.
Kidding, it’s not from hell. However, with how it looks, you might say it’s an object from hell. A new patience-testing jigsaw puzzle called “Pure White Hell” has been released by Japanese board game manufacturer Beverly. The 2,000 piece puzzle is blank. There is no image on the puzzle pieces. The only image you’ll form once you successfully piece all the pieces together is a blank white image.
Reddit user u/VaynMaanen recreated the entire map of Hyrule from The Legend of Zelda: A Link To The Past in Animal Crossing: New Horizons (ACNH). In the new ACNH, players can personalize their islands thanks to the terraform ability. The terraform ability allows users to do landscaping in their new digital homes. Check out the comparison of the actual map of Hyrule and the remade version from nintendolife!
Sarah Butler created this Bingo card for Gothamist. While two of the squares are particular to New York, they can be replaced with your local TV station and governor. The rest of the squares work anywhere, since boredom and drinking are fairly universal. After all, we are all in this together. Bingo! -via Laughing Squid
A French royal decree in the year 1306 allowed for trial by combat to determine, in a last-ditch effort, who was telling the truth in a dispute that couldn't be determined by other means. The law was only for the nobility, only applied to serious criminal cases, and was rarely invoked. But in 1386, a scandal rocked the entire country and led to France's last trial by combat, with several lives at stake.
Marguerite de Carrouges, descended from an old and wealthy Norman family, had claimed that in January of that year she had been attacked and raped at her mother-in-law’s château by a squire (the rank below knighthood) named Jacques Le Gris, aided by one of his closest companions, one Adam Louvel. Marguerite’s father, Robert de Thibouville, had once betrayed the king of France, and some may have wondered whether this “traitor’s daughter” was in fact telling the truth.
Marguerite’s husband, Sir Jean de Carrouges, a reputedly jealous and violent man—whose once close friendship with Le Gris had soured in recent years amid court rivalry and a protracted dispute over land—was traveling at the time of the alleged crime. But when he returned a few days later and heard his wife’s story, he angrily brought charges against Le Gris in the court of Count Pierre of Alençon, overlord to both men. Le Gris was the count’s favorite and his administrative right hand. A large and powerful man, Le Gris was well educated and very wealthy, though from an only recently ennobled family. He also had a reputation as a seducer—or worse. But the count, infuriated by the accusation against his favorite, declared at a legal hearing that Marguerite “must have dreamed it” and summarily dismissed the charges, ordering that “no further questions ever be raised about it.”
You can see how politics, alliances, and bad blood can make a mess of a criminal accusation that came down to "he said, she said" anyway. Carrouges appealed to the king, which set in motion a prolonged investigation and eventually led to a duel in Paris in December. Carrouges and Le Gris battled to the death, with Marguerite's life also in the balance. Read the entire story of the trial by combat at Lapham's Quarterly. -via Strange Company
Some men just want to watch the world burn. But not Bear. Bear cares. So this Carebear, while on his morning walk in Denali National Park in Alaska, fixes a fallen traffic cone, then continues on his way. The Daily Mail reports on this video by Michael Mauro that dates back a few years:
Mauro wrote on his Instagram account that two bears were actually in the area on a nearby road. He knew the bears (at least one of them) would wander off the road, so he set up a tripod to capture the action.
'As you saw this bear must have been the responsible older brother and he cleaned up the mess. It just goes to show that you never know what’s going to happen in nature,' Mauro wrote.
Okay, it can't actually fly, but the Learmousine looks like it's ready to soar off the ground.
Dan Harris of Bend, Oregon began building this beauty in 2005, starting with a custom frame that would support the body of the Learjet. Autoblog describes the extraordinary combination of components that make up this engineering and artistic marvel:
The driver sits in front of an aftermarket four-spoke steering wheel, an instrument cluster from a first-generation Chevrolet Silverado, and four screens that display views from various cameras. Four vertical rows of red toggle switches mounted right above the lone front seat control the lights and the music, among accessories. The rest of the interior is pegged at the unlikely intersection of private jets, limousines, and night clubs. There's everything you'd expect to find in an 18-seater party bus including a 42-inch flat-screen television, a minibar, a 17,000-watt sound system with speakers inside and outside, an infinity floor, plus a lot of neon lights.
Power comes from a mid-mounted, 8.1-liter V8 engine sourced from the Chevrolet parts bin. It spins the rear wheels, but there's no word on what the Learmousine is like to drive. All we know is that it doesn't have to sound like a pickup truck, because the giant speakers embedded in the nacelles can play the sound of a jet engine.
In American folk history, during World War II, soldiers might find themselves getting free meals at restaurants. "Your money is no good here," a manager might say. Americans knew who their heroes were then, and we still do now.
Allan Marshall of Detroit, Michigan exemplifies this spirit. He had saved up $900 for a personal purchase, but decided to do something better with it. WDIV reports that Marshall held up a sign for two days in front of an Exxon station, offering to pay for gas for nurses, who are among the heroes on today's front lines.
But it gets better.
When Marshall ran out of money, a woman approached him and paid the gas station $200 for additional fuel for the nurses' cars. She said that she felt inspired by Marshall's generosity.
Want to grow vegetables and herbs all year round but you don’t have the time, space, or knowledge to grow them? Worry no more because of this indoor planter, which “ takes the guesswork out of growing your own herbs and vegetables all year round, while being a beautiful addition to any home.”
Developed by a team of MIT engineers, the Herb Garden takes advantage of the latest hydroponics plant-growth technology. Simply place the seed pods in the planter's grid tray, add water and the supplied custom nutrients, and the computer-controlled Herb Garden takes the reins from there, informing you when it's time to tend or cultivate your plants via a mobile app.
What’s more, plants grown in the Herb Garden grow six times faster compared to plants grown in other indoor planters, and three times faster compared to plants planted outdoors. Amazing!