Yes. In the UK, surgeons used to be LESS THAN doctors (who were educated and gave out medicines and didn't get their hands dirty like those plebeian surgeons).
Even though they are more like the US now, where they are doctors PLUS extra training, it seems that the term has persisted.
Now I wonder about other countries. How do people refer to medical practitioners and surgeons where you come from? Link
(Image credit: Flickr user Salim Fadhley)