Conservation International scientists went to the remote Foja Mountains of western New Guinea and discovered dozens of "Lost World" new species.
“It’s as close to the Garden of Eden as you’re going to find on Earth,” marveled Bruce Beehler, vice president of CI’s Melanesia Center for Biodiversity Conservation and a co-leader of the expedition. “The first bird we saw at our camp was a new species. Large mammals that have been hunted to near extinction elsewhere were here in abundance. We were able to simply pick up two Long-Beaked Echidnas, a primitive egg-laying mammal that is little known.”
http://www.conservation.org/xp/news/press_releases/2006/020706.xml (via Boing Boing)