Most failed marriages didn't break up because "I found Bill wearing my dress" or “Sam lost the kid's college fund in a poker game" or "I discovered my Gertrude in bed with my best friend Roscoe.” Some do, I’m sure, but I believe most breakups, on any level, occur over a period of time, whether short or protracted.
Let me clarify right now: only four people could ever explain exactly why the Beatles broke up as a band, and two of these guys have passed on and the other two, I’m sure, have said all they ever will about their band splitting up.
I am just a major Beatle fan who has read many, many Beatle books, articles, interviews, watched Beatle film clips, and happily lived the past almost 40 years as an extremely devout student of the Beatles.
Okay, that said, let's start with a quick chronology:
By mid-1957 John Lennon had started a band called the Quarrymen and on July 6, 1957, he met Paul McCartney at a church fete and Paul officially joined the band on October 18, 1957.
George Harrison joined the band a few months later on February 6, 1958.
And four and a half years later, the Beatles unceremoniously dropped their luckless drummer, Pete Best, and Ringo Starr was brought aboard as the band's drummer. Ringo took over for Pete on August 19, 1962.
From mid-1962 until the end of 1964, the Beatles released records, albums, played scores of gigs, came to America, toured various countries, made a very successful movie, made several great TV appearances and became the most popular, successful, influential band in rock music history.
But by early 1965, the rot started setting in- very slowly, almost imperceptibly.
On George's 22nd birthday, February 25, 1965, the boys were in the Bahamas filming their second film Help! An Indian cycled up to the Beatles out of nowhere and pressed a book on Indian religion on each of them. Three of the boys dismissed the book instantaneously, but for George, this was a clue directing him to “The Way.”
Later on during the Help! filming, the boys were in an Indian restaurant and George cast his eyes on a new instrument he saw in the scene: a sitar. George's mind was astir, and slowly but surely, the wheels of the Fab Four's split were turning.
After returning to London following the Help! shoot, John and George, along with their wives, were having a quiet, casual dinner with George's dentist, when, for dessert, he slipped some LSD into their cups of coffee. This first totally unexpected LSD trip was to have huge repercussions on both George and John.
Over the next two to three years, John became a full-fledged acid head, taking "thousands of trips" (probably an exaggeration), but the figure is indicative of his acid-taking frequency during these years. For George, taking acid was "the first time time I wasn't conscious of ego.”
By 1966, George didn't even want to tour as a Beatle anymore, but was convinced to go along, as the dates had already been set. Although George was the first Beatle to sow the seeds of dissatisfaction, by the end of August 1966, the Beatles had played their last official concert together. Each was to go his own way and the merry days of all four wearing the same suit and having the same "Beatle haircut" were over forever.
John left to film a movie called How I Won the War. While shooting on location in Spain, John got his Beatle locks shorn down, wrote his classic song “Strawberry Fields Forever" and later admitted that even then "I was looking for a way to get out.”
Arriving back in London after his film shoot, John wandered into the Indica Art Gallery and looked over the bizarre works of art in an exhibition being given by a petite, very strange Japanese avant-garde artist named Yoko Ono. John was looking for his "calling" in life, and he may not have realized it at the time, but he had found it that night. George's later obsession with Indian culture and religion would soon be matched in ferocity by John's overwhelming passion for his soon-to-be beloved Yoko Ono.
Meanwhile, George left London to study sitar with his soon-to-be mentor Ravi Shankar, a virtuoso sitar master. George, like John, got his world-famous Beatle hair cropped and he also grew the first official Beatle mustache. George's strong interest in Eastern culture and religion grew. He fell madly in love with everything Indian and he was definitely hooked for life
In June of 1967, the boys released their landmark album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, an album based on Paul's idea of the Fab Four becoming a fictional band instead of "the four mop tops.” George was estranged from the others during a good part of the album's recording and only contributed one song, his mediocre “Within You, Without You.”
John, although he contributed some great songs to Sgt. Pepper, was to say he was "going through murder" during this period.
At George's suggestion, the boys went to India to study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in August of 1967. But just as they'd arrived, the shocking news come to them in a phone call: their beloved manager Brian Epstein, had died of a drug overdose.
According to John: "I knew we were finished" as soon as he heard the news.
After Brian's death, Paul tried to take over as the band's ersatz leader and dreamed up the TV film Magical Mystery Tour as well as rallying the others into recording new records and albums. John and George would both grumble, each in their own way, but the projects got done mainly because of Paul's force and insistence.
By 1968, when the four gathered together to start recording their new album The Beatles (later better known as The White Album) Paul, George and Ringo were completely surprised to find Yoko Ono sitting beside John in the recording studio throughout the many weeks of recording.
There had always been an unwritten law between the Beatles, that none of their wives or girlfriends were to be allowed into the recording studios while the boys were working. John was very "in your face" about his love for Yoko and almost flaunted his breach of agreement with the others.
Much dissent and a clear lack of harmony soon ensued and oddly enough, the most easy-going Beatle, Ringo, was the first to actually "quit" the group. On August 22, 1968, Ringo left for a "holiday in Sardinia,” leaving the remaining Beatles drummer-less (Paul was to fill in for Ringo on a few White Album songs during Ringo's absence). Ringo was convinced to return in a few days and the catastrophe of a Beatle break-up was avoided.
But John was still "the chief Beatle" and the others barely tolerated Yoko's intrusive presence everywhere and anywhere. By January of 1969, the band gathered together to film their documentary film Let It Be.
But tired of Paul's bossiness, intrusiveness, lack of getting to record his own songs and actually sick of the whole Beatle trip, George became the second Beatle to leave the band. (It was later revealed that by 1969, John and Yoko had become heroin addicts and this too contributed greatly to the band's quickly accelerating disharmony and disaffection.)
Right in the middle of shooting, on January 10, 1969, after an on-camera tiff with Paul, George curtly told the others he was leaving and said goodbye, adding “See you 'round the clubs.” John unsympathetically said that was fine and recommended getting Eric Clapton in to replace the now missing George.
After intense negotiations, George was convinced to return on January 15th and Let It Be was completed.
Paul was to marry American photographer Linda Eastman on March 12, 1969. John quickly followed suit and eagerly hitched up with his Yoko eight days later.
Next, Paul recommended his father-in-law and brother-in-law, Lee and John Eastman respectively, take over management of the group. John thought this was too close to home and pointed out that Paul would be the favored Beatle by his new relatives, giving he and the others short shrift. Instead, John, George and Ringo signed on with Allen Klein as their manager (Klein had been hungry to take over the Fab Four since Brian's passing).
The boys recorded their final album Abbey Road during mid-1969 and it was released in September of that year.
George was deeply into his Indian beliefs, but he was also a musician and on Abbey Road he had composed what most consider to be his two best-ever Beatle songs, “Here Comes the Sun" and “Something.” George had always resented taking a back seat to the brilliant songwriting team of Lennon and McCartney and the success of these two songs undoubtedly gave George more confidence that he could go it alone and have success as an individual songwriter and musician.
But on September 13, 1969, probably the final straw that broke the camel's proverbial back occurred. It occurred as John and Yoko joined fellow musicians Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, Little Richard and several others for the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival Festival concert in Canada. John played and had the time of his life, feeling liberated from the constraints of being a Beatle and finally gaining confidence that he could, indeed, go out on his own.
On September 20th of '69, John, Paul, Ringo (George was not present) and several friends and business associates gathered together in a meeting to discuss the band's future. Paul, as usual, spoke at length, and put forth his idea of the boys "going on the road" as perhaps a new entity, taking a new identity, and call themselves something like “Ricky and the Red Streaks" and get back to their roots by playing small out-of-the-way venues.
"I think yer daft!" countered John angrily. "I want a divorce. Just like the one I got from Cyn.” (His first wife.)
John, Yoko and manager Klein then left the shocked onlookers to have a meal at a local restaurant. Paul and the Eastmans later convinced John to keep his decision to leave quiet and he did.
Finally, on April 10, 1970, Paul made the official announcement that the Beatles were finished as a unit and that he was leaving the band. John was furious at Paul getting credit this way when he knew it was "his band" and he had started it and he should be the one ending it. But although John had, in reality, ended the Beatles as a working unit, Paul's public announcement really made it official.
The above is oxymoronicly, an in-a-nutshell, and very lengthy description of the reasons the Beatles broke up. I am sure I have omitted some factors, some incidents, other "reasons,” but just as I said in the introduction to this article, only four people could ever truly explain why and how the most popular and beloved band in rock music's long history had to split up, leaving countless writers and amateur psychologists to wonder about the roots of said split.
But I guess I could neatly sum up the Beatles break-up by quoting one of my comedy heroes, Mr. Jerry Lewis. After Lewis' break-up with his partner Dean Martin, after ten hugely successful years together, someone told Jerry he loved him and Dean together and asked how the two could possibly have split up.
Jerry answered with parable: “A man said ‘Those are beautiful shoes you're wearing’ to another man and the second man answered back, ‘Yes, but I’m the only one who knows how much they hurt’.”