"By lumping 11 studies together, we have increased the certainty that smoking bans really do reduce the risk of heart attack," lead author Dr David G Meyers (University of Kansas School of Public Medicine, Kansas City) told heartwire. Meyers and colleagues report their findings online September 21, 2009 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Meyers says there are some additional messages from this review. Although they found, on average, a 17% reduction in AMI, this figure is "deceptive," he says, because they also showed—in longer-term studies—a 26% decrease in heart attacks per year that the ban had existed. So this proves "the longer a community bans smoking, the greater the effect." It also appears the people who seem to derive the greatest benefit from the bans are younger and often predominantly female—likely those working in the hospitality and entertainment industry, he says.
(image credit: Flickr user bennylin0724)
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