With our advanced dental technology and space-age materials, it's easy for us to think that using real teeth for dentures is gross. But for our dentally-challenged ancestors, it was a choice between that or dentures made of something else that look or work right, or just doing without teeth. They could have told themselves that these human teeth came from dental extractions instead of dead bodies, but we know the truth.
Such ghoulish dentures are usually referred to as “Waterloo teeth,” thanks to the practice of yanking perfectly good teeth from battlefield casualties. No one is quite sure where that name originally came from, and it’s even a bit misleading. But none of that makes the history of humans filling their mouths with the teeth of other humans any less fascinating.
“It’s kind of a misnomer, because the Waterloo battle was in 1815, and human teeth were in use in dentures already,” says Andrew Spielman, associate dean for academic affairs at the NYU School of Dentistry. According to Spielman, human teeth had been used in dentures for at least a century before the Battle of Waterloo, and were routinely culled from battlefields since at least the French Revolution in the late 1700s.
Simon's Cat is stuck way up in a tree and is afraid to come down! So, like any good cat owner, Simon goes up to get him, but finds it's pretty scary up there. The cat, however, likes the company. The cat would stay up there all night, playing with his human!
Let's take a fun little personality test to determine how many children you should have. Honestly, you should have the number of children that you want and have the resources to nurture. The quiz, by Jill Harness, asks questions that have little to do with children but explores your preferences in a variety of areas. What would it say about me?
Um, okay. I have seven children, but they are all grown. I do not wish to have any more, so I guess the quiz is right. Was it because I like Led Zeppelin? Was is because I haven't read Harry Potter? Take the test yourself and see what it says about you!
The roads were covered with ice, and most folks in Swanage, Dorset, UK, knew that it would be useless to try to drive up this fairly steep hill. So they walked instead. Or tried to. It's a case of one step forward and ten steps back. They should have worn their Yaktrax on that day. At least they aren't rolling a rock uphill, like Sisyphus.
Paul Dubbelman, the guy recording the video is obviously warm and dry in his home upstairs, and feels free to laugh at their misery. His description is "The Swanage ice dancing team getting in some practise for the next winter Olympics". Since most of it is silent, here's a recommended soundtrack. -via Boing Boing
People tend to invite other people to their parties, and they hang around with their fellow humans talking about boring stuff like their jobs, their finances and their families. But if people could stop being so human-centric and start inviting cats to their parties they would see how fun a party can be! There ain't no party like a neko party because a neko party goes on all night long, and when you invite celebrity cats like Jibanyan, Meowth and Vash's buddy Kuro-Neko to your party things can get really rowdy really fast- especially if video games are involved!
Add some cat-tastic color to your geeky wardrobe with this Neko Party t-shirt by Adam Works, it's a cool way to show some love for all of your favorite anime cats!
Everyone goes through a rebellious phase. You know, that moment when daddy's little girl decides that booze, boys, and the beach are a lot more fun than the old man ever was. And, if you're lucky, you'll be able to look back on those years and laugh. If you're less lucky, you spent those years on a reality show, so for the rest of time, millions of strangers can look back on them and laugh instead. But, hey, it could be worse. You could be responsible for the fall of Western Civilization, just like Justa Grata Honoria, the Roman princess whose wild ways and naked ambition set off a chain reaction that culminated in the destruction of the Roman Empire.
Naming NPCs is one of the banes of my existence as a DM (or GM if you prefer the more generic and broadly encompassing title), and try as I might to come up with new names I often fall back on old standards.
If the guy or gal is a rogue-like character then the words sneaky, stabby, cutter, shadow or fingers tend to find their way into their name somewhere, and rangers are almost always named Roger, Dan or Dana for some reason.
And, as this Electric Bunny comic shows, when all else fails you should just name them after the first thing you see. My personal favorites- Mr. Coffee and Senor Stinkbottom (my dog's nickname).
There are reasons that fictional characters do things that no one in real life does. Groups of real people never sit at half a round table because there is no camera or audience. But there are so many odd behaviors in movies and on TV that can get under your skin once you notice how often it happens.
You've probably noticed the police on all the Law & Order incarnations talk to witnesses who never stop working. A normal person will stop and pay attention when the cops want a word with them. But a director early on thought that was too boring, so every witness continues to lift boxes or sweep the floor or whatever while they give their eyewitness account. That really bothered me before I read the explanation somewhere a few years ago.
Other folks are bothered by these weird human behaviors, and they contributed a bunch of them to Cracked "pictofacts" post about how fictional characters are just different from normal human beings. See 34 of them at Cracked.
The song of the laughing kookaburra is one of the most distinctive bird songs in nature, and it's one of the standard sound effects used whenever footage of the Australian bush is shown on film.
That signature kookaburra sound is so unique and such a rich, full-bodied sound that it even sounds cool when it's played in slow motion, as demonstrated in this video of Dacelo the kookaburra shot by his human Connor Margetts.
There are plenty of adages about how to be happy, like "Stop and smell the roses," and "Learn to find joy in what you have." These can be boiled down to "lower your expectations," which is a sure-fire way to make yourself feel better about not achieving all that you had hoped for. Eventually, you realize you're not going to get a PhD, scale the world's highest mountain, or write a bestseller. And that's okay, because you managed to get out of bed this morning. There are people who can't do that. This is the latest comic from Chris at Lunarbaboon.
The world is full of weirdos, including those who walk around all day talking to themselves out loud, but the weirdiest weirdos of them all are those who chat with their hair all day.
These loony lock lovers are so convinced the protein strands sitting on top of their heads are actually a sentient entity that they treat their hair like their best friend- leaving the position closed for all humans.
But, as you'll see in the animated short Farkels created by Greg Kletsel, Dessarae Bassil and Valerie Lockhart, it's probably best if sentient beings of all shapes, sizes and species minimize contact with those lock-lovin' loons!
"Dagnabbit" is a hilarious word that you probably learned from Yosemite Sam. It's a pseudo-swear word you can use in public when you don't want to be technically blasphemous, like gosh, golly, gee, and other substitutes. But in even broader terms, it's a "taboo deformation," and the term applies to more words than you might think.
“Taboo deformation is one possible way for a word to change its meaning,” says Andrew Byrd, a professor of linguistics at the University of Kentucky who specializes in Indo-European languages. Basically, we are scared of the true names of certain beings or concepts, because to use them might mean we summon them, which we don’t want, or anger them, which we definitely don’t want, or simply make other humans mad at us, which is slightly less bad but still not ideal. The true name is powerful, and we normal humans can’t handle that power. So we avoid using the true name, but sometimes we still need to communicate with each other about those beings or concepts. That means we have to figure out a way to talk about something without using the actual word for it.
How many languages can a person learn? How do language rules change over time? What are the most confusing English grammar rules? What is the real definition of "irony"? How does a new word get into our dictionaries? What are linguistics? And how does one begin to invent a new language? These are some of the questions tackled in the newest episode of the Mental Floss series Scatterbrained.
It's been more than a year now since astronaut Scott Kelly returned to earth after spending a year on the International Space Station. He and his identical twin brother, retired astronaut Mark Kelly, are the subject of a unique twin study comparing the changes in Scott's health while using Mark as a control. NASA is still preparing a report on the long-term findings, but have released some information on the effects of a year in space.
Scott's telomeres — or the ends of chromosomes that shorten as people get older — got a lot longer in space. This finding was known in 2017, but investigators confirmed it and also discovered that most of the telomeres got shorter again within two days of Scott's landing.
About 7 percent of Scott's genes may have longer-term changes in expression after spaceflight, in areas such as DNA repair, the immune system, how bones are formed, hypoxia (an oxygen deficiency in the tissues) and hypercapnia (excessive carbon dioxide in the bloodstream). The other 93 percent of his genes quickly returned to normal.
Scott had no significant cognitive performance decline in space after one year, compared with Mark or with typical astronauts who fly a six-month mission. Investigators did, however, see pronounced decreases in Scott's cognitive speed and accuracy after he landed. This might have happened because of "re-exposure and adjustment to Earth’s gravity, and the busy schedule that enveloped Scott after his mission," NASA officials said.
The researchers also saw that spaceflight is linked with nutrient shifts, oxygen deprivation stress and more inflammation. They gathered the evidence after looking at "large numbers" of proteins (chains of amino acids), cytokines (substances secreted by cells in the immune system) and metabolites (substances related to metabolism) in Scott's body.
There are so many bizarre video games out there that the top ten lists kinda just make themselves, and strange games are constantly being made so these top ten lists will keep rolling out FOREVER.
In this video by WatchMojo we see Octodad-a game about an octopus pretending to be a human dad, Bad Mojo- a game where you play a guy who was turned into a cockroach, and the weirdest game of all I Am Bread, where you play a slice of bread. 'Nuff said!
When eight horror movie slashers find themselves without a movie deal or a home they come together like never before- in prime time! One day Freddy came upon the house of his dreams and as luck would have it the place was empty. It had been the site of a double homicide but Freddy really didn't mind- and it even had a large tool shed out back for his buddies Jason and Leatherface to live in. Freddy got a phone call from Ghostface and told him to sheath his knife and move on in, which the It clown heard through the toilet and got totally jealous about. But in the end they all moved in, with little Chucky occupying a dresser drawer in Freddy's room, and that's how they became the Psycho Bunch!
Add eight slashers to your wardrobe for the price of one with this THE PSYCHO BUNCH t-shirt by Skullpy, it's a full house of horror fun!
Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg turns 85 years old today. She will probably celebrate by doing pushups. In honor of her birthday, Mental Floss has a list of 15 things you should know about the Notorious RBG, which give an overview of her life story. It's fascinating.
1. THE INJUSTICE HER MOTHER FACED LEFT A LASTING IMPRESSION.
Celia Bader, née Amster, died the day before Ginsburg’s high school graduation. But in their short time together, Celia managed to instill in her daughter that an education was not something to be taken for granted. Celia herself—whom Ginsburg regularly, according to Irin Carmon and Shana Knizhnik’s Notorious RBG, called the most intelligent person she’d ever known—went to work at age 15 in order to help put her brother through college.
At the 1993 White House press conference announcing her nomination to the Supreme Court, Ginsburg wrapped up her remarks with an emotional tribute to the woman who was never allowed to reach her full potential. “I have a last thank-you,” she told the crowd assembled. “It’s to my mother. My mother was the bravest, strongest person I have ever known, who was taken from me much too soon. I pray that I may be all that she would have been had she lived in an age when women could aspire and achieve and daughters are cherished as much as sons.”
2. IT WASN’T EXACTLY SMOOTH SAILING FOR GINSBURG, EITHER.
As newlyweds, Ginsburg and her husband, Marty, relocated to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where Marty was expected to fulfill his Army Reserve duties for the next two years. Ruth took the civil service exam and qualified to be a claims adjustor—but then made the mistake of mentioning that she was three months pregnant with their daughter, Jane. Suddenly, RBG’s civil service ranking was reduced, and with it, her title and pay. (She learned a valuable lesson from the experience, and during her second pregnancy—which coincided with her first year as a professor at Rutgers University—she did everything she could to conceal the fact that she was expecting.)
In 1956, Ginsburg was one of just nine female students matriculating at Harvard Law School. The dean of the Law School at the time, Erwin Griswold, hosted a dinner for the women—and at the end of the meal, asked each of them to go around and share how it was they justified taking a spot that would otherwise have gone to a man. Years later—when word got back to Griswold that his former student enjoyed recounting this tale on the lecture circuit—he insisted that it had all been in good fun.
The pirates of olde were from all different countries, social classes and walks of life, but the ones we see in popular media tend to be either British, Spanish or Dutch thanks to books like Treasure Island and Captain Blood.
But despite their lack of representation in popular media the pirates who hailed from Germany were among the most dastardly and deadly buccaneers on the high seas.
Germany's most famous pirate was Kapitän Klaus Störtebeker, who was dubbed Störtebeker because he could down four litres of beer in one gulp. But drinking beer wasn't Klaus' only skill:
Born in Wismar in 1360, Kapitän Störtebeker was originally a legitimate privateer, engaging in daring exploits as commander of a privateer group known as the Victual brothers, or “Vitalienbrüder.” Following the removal of the Victual Brothers from the Island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea where their base was located in the port town of Visby, Störtebeker and several other prominent privateers went rogue, capturing and plundering Hanseatic ships of trade and defense plying the Baltic and North Sea willy-nilly.
Inflicting great damage to shipping and embedding himself as legend, the rogue captor of ships was himself captured after a standoff gone wrong with a Hamburgian Fleet under the command of Simon of Utrecht, a German privateer and Hamburg city council member. Sentenced to death in Hamburg, Kapitän Störtebeker was executed by sword in 1401 (as depicted above). According to legend, his headless corpse walked past some of the bodies of his men aftermaking a deal that any of his men whom his corpse could pass while walking after decapitation would themselves be spared. His life and accomplishments are now immortalized through a statue placed in Hamburg, the city where he was executed. In modern times, a statue of Störtebeker stands in Hamburg, the city of his demise, to commemorate the pirate and his exploits as a key interest point in German culture and history.
Where Klaus was seen as a rather heroic figure his 14th century contemporary Hennig Wichmans was seen as a real brutal and savage bastard, the type of guy that made people live in fear of pirates:
A brutal sea raider, German PirateHennig Wichmann was known for having survivors thrown overboard amongst his exploits in North Sea shipping raids and Baltic Sea attacks in the late 1300s. Originally a privateer serving the Dukes of Mecklenberg as part of the Victual Brothers privateer group tasked with interrupting enemy shipping runs by the Danish, Wichmann and other remaining crew members formed the illegitimate organization of pirates known as the “Likedeelers,” a word meaning “equal sharers.”
Equally they may have shared, but their treatment of crew captured was less than reasonable in the majority of cases. Set on plundering the ships of the Hanseatic league in the North and Baltic seas long after an end to official hostilities, Wichmann was focused on the plunder of vulnerable ships, ignoring official policy, states of hostility or peace, and the well-being of those captured. Hated in his time for having gone rogue, little mercy remained for Wichmann once he was captured by the authorities at hand. Along with 73 members of his crew, he was executed in Hamburg in 1402, showing that those who live by the sword indeed may die by the sword.
Firearms are understandably a hot button issue in America these days, and while everyone is shooting their mouths off about guns the guns themselves are sitting around waiting to kill again.
Oh wait, I had that backwards, the saying goes "guns don't kill people, people kill people". And yet this saying gets us no closer to figuring out what to do about guns, so maybe this animated short by ItsAlexClark will solve the entire problem and squash the debate forever! *wink*
Mark Hamill posted a Tweet that illustrates how much Luke Skywalker action figures have changed over the years. Of course they have. The character has aged, and the tech involved in making the dolls has also changed. There were different action figures produced for every movie, and at different price points. Some are officially lisenced and others are knockoffs.
Luke How Far I've Come: A) Generic Lemon-Haired Ken Doll Luke B) Black-Haired Semi-Conscious Adult-Diaper Luke C) Pumped-Up Roid-Rage With Balcony You Could Do Shakespeare From Luke D) Senior Citizen Jedi Pension-Plan Future Force-Ghost Luke#CollectEmAllpic.twitter.com/5q820fjTv5
But then you have to stop and think -is there any other person on earth who's had that many dolls made in their likeness? Ever? To get a breathtaking glimpse of how many there have been, check out the GIS. And that's just action figures; there are also the LEGO minifigs, the Funko dolls, and the tiny Lukes that fit into spaceships.
With great knowledge comes great wisdom, with great vision comes great foresight, with great power comes greater responsibility, and with a great many number of things to watch this wizard ends up watching porn.
Like us, you probably can’t remember a world without highways—a time before there were gas stations, fast-food places, or shopping centers. Well, it all had to start somewhere…and this is where.
WHERE’S THE HORSE?
The 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago was in full swing when a gentleman walked up to a contraption that looked like a metal carriage and wound the crank on its front end. The machine rumbled and grumbled and coughed out black smoke. Then the man got into the thing and -to the amazement of onlookers- started driving it around the fair grounds. What was so strange about that? The metal carriage didn’t have a horse to pull it. It was a horseless carriage, one with an internal-combustion engine that ran on gasoline. The public’s response: They were dumbfounded, but most people loved it. Suddenly the country had a new toy, and despite the naysayers who protested against the new “devil wagon,” the car was here to stay.
Auto manufacturers and investors cropped up almost overnight. In just the first four months of 1899, investors poured $388 million (about $11 billion today) into new automobile companies; by the turn of the century, more than 8,000 cars were puttering around the United States. But there was still nothing in the way of the necessary infrastructure: no gas stations, traffic lights, mechanic’s shops, or -most importantly- roads. The existing throughways were deeply rutted wagon trails that meandered into the countryside from the centers of towns and often simply ended. During the winter months, these “roads” became so unusable that most early auto owners drained their radiators and put the machines in their barns until spring.
Something had to be done about America’s roads, but public funds weren’t forthcoming. The federal government saw the car as a novelty and refused to allocate funds for road building. By 1905, when the first modern gasoline filling station appeared, there still wasn’t a single mile of paved rural road in the entire country. And, as Henry Ford’s assembly line process drove down manufacturing costs, the cars kept coming. Within five years, more than half a million cars were sputtering around with nary a real road to drive on.
Netflix has become a powerhouse in the entertainment industry, and the original shows and movies they're making nowadays are so beloved people have forgotten Netflix started out as a small DVD by mail service.
But in their quest to grow more powerful by creating original content that will crush the competition they released some serious flops- like when they gave Ashton Kutcher his own sitcom called The Ranch.
With overly predictable storylines and stereotypical country characters The Ranch is an homage to the classic American sitcom that fell flat with both viewers and critics alike, and yet Netflix still hasn't cancelled the show for some reason. Maybe they think the third season's the charm?
This WatchMojo compilation focuses on the failures of streaming media powerhouse Netflix, showing us that even giants stumble once in a while but Netflix doesn't look like it's going to fall flat anytime soon!
A few days ago, zoos and aquariums began giving their animals Amazon-style ratings on Twitter. As more and more reviews came in, biologists, science labs, and universities got involved. Everyday people started rating their pets and favorite species, too.
⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️ YOU WONT BE DISAPPOINTED This stylish little unit is amazing. Sound quality A+. No distortion at full volume but bass is a little weak. Top rotates which is a plus. #rateaspeciespic.twitter.com/OYaWOfzosA
⭐️NOT WHAT I ORDERED I ordered a duck, otter, and beaver bundle apparently there was some kind of freak accident in shipping or something. Contacted shipper, they claim no error. Bad seller. NEVER BUYING AGAIN!#rateaspeciespic.twitter.com/e13u4K657F
⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️ PRAYING THEY KEEP MAKING THESE As seen on @Oatmeal. Full set is the ultimate seafood multi-tool: tenderizes, slices and serves in milliseconds! Comes in all colors plus some you can’t see.#rateaspeciespic.twitter.com/vm2YhrBihR
⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ 5/5 Great product! Speedy deliver. Makes a weird chirping sound instead of the roar as advertised, but not a deal breaker. Runs efficiently - would recommend. #rateaspeciespic.twitter.com/9uAvnKw4AX
New York City played host to many bourgeoning music scenes in the 1970s, from Glam to Disco to Hip Hop, but the Punk scene definitely rocked NYC the hardest- and made the biggest impact on the city.
Punks like Ramones, Billy Idol, Blondie, New York Dolls and Richard Hell were all trendsetters in both music and fashion, and unlike the politically charged UK scene the NYC punk scene was equal parts artsy fartsy and party party party.
These rare candid shots shared by photographer Julia Gorton on her Instagram feed give us an intimate look at a young NYC punk scene, showing what it was like for her to hang at CBGB's in the 70s as a young transplant from Delaware:
Gorton saved up her money and bought the best Polaroid camera she could afford; after relocating to the city, shed used no other camera for that first year, she capturing the likes of Patti Smith, Debbie Harry, and David Byrne. “When you had a large unusual camera that made instant prints, it was easy to approach people,” she said, though she admits she was quite shy at first. “It was very dark at CBGBs. Sometimes the photos didn’t come out the first time. Since the film was expensive, I only shot a few frames of each subject.”
In recent years, Gorton began looking through her archive of prints, and realized she could use more modern technologies to find the hidden figures in the darker images. “One print I kept was an underexposed shot of Tom Verlaine, almost completely black, with just the slightest shadow of him visible. With Photoshop, I was able to scan and finally pull him out of the shadows of decades past,” she said, musing that the image is reminiscent of an Edward Steichen portrait.
It works for several reasons. First off, it was only the Pythons' droll, deadpan delivery that made this project possible. The incongruity of the original film recut with the pompous hyperbole of the modern trailer format is just ridiculous. Then, for the many of us who are very familiar with the movie, each clip reminds us of the scene it's from, so we have to laugh anyway. -via Digg
When you're an odd looking, anthropomorphic and orphaned animal you get used to humans treating you like an outcast, and when you start to develop mutant powers at an early age you expect humans to be less than friendly to you when you try to live peacefully among them. But Professor Nanny taught the Mutant Babies tolerance instead of prejudice, happiness instead of fear, and she showed them how the power of cute can be used like a psychic power on unsuspecting humans, making them putty in your little furry hands!
Add some fleecy mashup fun to your geeky wardrobe with this Mutant Babies t-shirt by Harebrained Design, it's the mup-tastic way to show love for the mutants of X and those cute little puppet kids too!
Visit Harebrained Design's NeatoShop for more delightfully geeky designs:
As a general rule comics that become really big and really famous refrain from including material that would be considered controversial, offensive or too adult to be enjoyed by a wide audience.
And the bigger the title the less challenging the material, so Mickey Mouse comic strips and the action packed panels of Wonder Woman are the last place you'd expect to find controversy.
But back in the day both comics included material that is seen as controversial these days but was always seen as totally bonkers- like hide inside a dead elephant bonkers.
When Wonder Woman learns that the elephants at a circus keep dropping like flies she suspects foul play is afoot, so she hides inside a taxidermied baby elephant to find out what's up and foil the bad guy's evil plan. And that's when things get really weird:
Ed King talks with Wonder Woman and Steve and expresses his fears that the dying elephants will ruin his show. Wonder Woman and Etta Candy dress up as a baby elephant to try to find out who is poisoning the elephants. They find themselves in the midst of a Burmese worship ritual, in which the Burmese say that they will use the elephants to trample the "foreign devils." Suddenly a large elephant appears and inadvertently blows Wonder Woman and Etta's cover. The Burmese take them prisoner and plan to sacrifice them to the Elephant Gods.
Meanwhile, the thugs return and take two of the Burmese men hostage. Steve Trevor follows them. Back at the circus, Dom Carney meets up with Elva, but Uncle Ed King also appears and fires Dom from the show under suspicion of being the person poisoning the elephants. An elephant, following orders from some of the other Burmese men, snatches Elva and makes off with her. Ed and Dom chase after them on horseback.
Elva is brought to the same Elephant Temple that the Burmese have brought Wonder Woman and Etta to. The three of them are to be sacrificed for the Elephant Spirits. San Yan admits that his people have been killing the elephants to set their spirits free. Wonder Woman notices that San Yan speaks with a Japanese accent, so she breaks free of her bonds. Steve, Ed, and Dom all arrive, and as a group they defeat the Burmese men who are actually Japanese spies. Now free of suspicions, Dom gets Ed's permission to be with Elva.
On the other hand the controversy found in the pages of the old Mickey Mouse comic strip can be summed up by these three panels:
Mickey kicking a character in the kiester who is clearly gay wasn't seen as that big of a deal when the strip came out in the 1930s, but Disney knew the part where he calls the character a "cream puff" was wrong- so they edited that bit to make it more PC:
It's important for everyone to learn some life saving techniques such as CPR, first aid and the Heimlich maneuver so they can be of service to a someone in need and hopefully save their life.
But able-bodied individuals may be called upon to do more in an emergency situation- like carrying a wounded person to safety.
This may seem like a tall order, especially if you're not very strong or physically fit, but as former Army Ranger Wil Willis shows us in this video picking up a person and carrying them to safety is fairly easy once you've mastered the Ranger Roll.
I've heard about parents using a spray bottle of "Monster Repellent" to protect their young children from fear of the dark, but this guy has a completely novel scheme: bore the monster to death! Or at least piss him off enough to make him leave. Next, the second problem, getting the child to sleep, might be accomplished in the same way. The monster was infinitely more interesting. Yet, some children may lose sleep just thinking about how meaningless all our prepositions are. This comic is from Zach Weinersmith at Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal.