Two Continents Named for One Man

If explorer Amerigo Vespucci were alive, he'd be 556 years old today. Born on March 9th, 1454, Vespucci was neither the first European to reach the New World nor the first to take back news of it, but he was the first to realize that the western hemisphere was not part of Asia or any part of the world known to Europeans. Vespucci's discovery coincided with the rise of the printing press, which made world maps available to more than a few people.
Martin Waldseemüller, a modernist-humanist German clergyman and cartographer, reprinted “The Four Voyages of Amerigo” in 1507 with his own “Cosmographic Introduction.” He opined:

I see no reason why anyone should justly object to calling this part … America, after Amerigo [Vespucci], its discoverer, a man of great ability.

Waldseemüller included a map of the the new lands, on which the name “America” makes its earliest appearance.

The map was popular. The name caught on, and it stuck.

And it spread. America was first used as a name for only the southern continent of the New World, but Gerardus Mercator’s 1538 world map included both North America and South America.

And that is precisely why many of us live in America instead of Christopha or Columbia. Link

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In the world history class I took in 10th grade, the teacher put us through a thought exercise on defining what should count as a continent, since obviously they aren't discrete land masses or even necessarily cultures. If so, "Afreurasia" [or something] would be even more accurate than Eurasia, since Africa is actually connected to that whole chunk.
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I heard once from a teacher that "some people" (don't ask me who - citation needed) considered Europe and Asia a single continent called "Eurasia".
I alredy knew that not even the U.N. knows how many countries exist, but it seems there isn't even an agreement on the number of continents... At least we agree on the Moon being a satellite and not a planet, right? :)
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In the US, we are taught that North America and South America are two different continents. Central America is the southern portion of North America, but not a separate continent. We are taught there are seven continents: North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia (which includes New Zealand, Australia the country, and some islands), and Antarctica.

How many continents does the rest of the world count?
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