Julian Hakes designed shoes that have no sole. The support is there, though, for the heel and ball of the foot, which forms a natural bridge between the two. In the course of designing, he had tracing paper and masking tape on his foot, drew the patterns, and then used a scalpel to cut it off.
One late summer night in the studio I was thinking about the design of shoes in general. I wondered why there was the need for a foot plate in shoes such as high heels...With a high heel providing the heel is supported, even by standing on a wooden block the foot naturally ’spans’ the gap...with bones and tendons.