Here are 7 of the largest, oddest, and most useless state projects in the world:
1. Limestone Tourist Park - Bedford, Indiana.
The Great Idea: Turn a small Midwestern town into a tourist mecca for lovers of limestone block.
Despite being the undisputed "Limestone Capital of the World," Bedford, Ind., always had a hard time figuring out how to parlay its claim to fame into a thriving tourism industry. That is, until Bedford Chamber of Commerce member Merle Edington came up with a brilliant plan. In the late 1970s, Edington proposed that Bedford build a Disney-style theme park. But, instead of cartoon characters, the park's main attraction would be limestone, featuring a 95-foot-high replica of the Great Pyramid of Cheops [wiki] build out of (you guessed it) local limestone blocks. And, on the off chance that a scale model of one world wonder wouldn't be exciting enough, Edington added plans for an 800-foot-long replica of the Great Wall of China [wiki]. While the power of limestone over the vacationing public is debatable, Edington convinced the Commerce Department's Economic Development Administration to believe in his dream - to the tune of $700,000.
Unfortunately, those funds dried up quickly, thanks to Indiana Wisconsin senator William Proxmire [wiki] (famous for his "Golden Fleece Awards" ridiculing government waste), who called attention to the project. The town was left deep in debt, unable to even pay Edington's salary. Today, the abandoned project is little more than a giant rock pile.
See also: Roadside America's Cursed Pyramid Ruins
2. Combating the Goths in Missouri
The Great Idea: Cure adolescent angst by fighting the forces of goth subculture in Missouri.
In 2002, Blue Springs, Mo., found itself under siege from an insidious force - a force armed with pale skin, black hair, black eyeliner, and a collection of old albums by The Cure. Yes, goth culture had gained a toehold in the otherwise ordinary hamlet, and there was only one thing to do about it: Stamp it out with the aid of a $273,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Education.
With the funds secured, the Blue Springs Youth Outreach Unit set out to combat the goths, whom the community believed to be involved in activities including animal sacrifice, self-mutilation, and vampire worship. Reportedly, about half of the grant went to staff salaries, staff trips (to conferences on teen drug use and satanic cults), the formation of a little-used counseling program, and a series of never-held town-hall meetings (presumably intended for daylight hours, when vampire infestation wouldn't be a problem). After two years of public criticism, officials made the startling discovery that maybe goths weren't such a problem after all and returned the remaining $132,000 to the government.
3. The Cross Florida Barge Canal
The Great Idea: Build a shipping shortcut through the middle of Florida.
The Cross-Florida Barge Canal was one of those ideas that refused to go away. First proposed by Spanish settlers in the 1570s, the canal was supposed to cut through the middle of the peninsula to connect the Atlantic Ocean with the Gulf of Medico, significantly shortening shipping times. However, after Florida came under U.S. control in the early 19th century, Congress surveyed the land and decided that any canal that would turn a huge chunk of the state into an island just wasn't feasible, and the plan was scrapped.
Fast forward to the Great Depression. Suddenly, any project that would create 6,000 jobs seemed like a good idea. President Franklin D. Roosevelt allocated emergency funds to the canal, and digging commenced in 1935. A year later, progress stalled due to environmental concerns, then picked back up, then stalled again, and the cycle continued until 1963, when President Kennedy allocated $1 million to the project. Work began after Kennedy's death and continued for seven years, but - yet again - concern about the canal's environmental impact ground progress to a halt. Finally, in 1991, the canal (by this time a $120 million partial scar across the middle of the state) was officially pronounced dead. The land was converted into a greenway named after Marjorie Harris Carr, the environmentalist who'd led the charge against the canal in the 1960s.
See also: Cross Florida Barge Canal [wiki]
4. Superconducting Super Collider
The Great Idea: Build a miracle machine that can replicate the Big Bang, help treat life-threatening illnesses, and maybe even unfold the mysteries of the universe.
Few government projects have ever been announced with the level of fanfare reserved for the 1980s Superconducting Super Collider. Housed in a 54-mile underground tunnel beneath Waxahachie, Texas, the Super Collider was designed to accelerate beams of subatomic particles to fantastic speeds and then crash the particles into one another, purportedly generating huge amounts of energy. Advocates believed the machine would be able to simulate the conditions present during the Big Bang, thus allowing scientists to gain new insights into the very nature of matter. But many Super Collider fans made even bolder statements about the machine's abilities, pointing out that other devices using similar technology have been used to treat cancer and learn more about HIV. As potential uses for the machine grew, however, so did the cost - ballooning from an original estimate of less than $5 billion to just under $12 billion. Finally, in the midst of the 1993 budget-cutting boom, Congress pulled the plug on the project, with less than one-third of the tunnel finished. For a while, it was used to store Styrofoam cups, but then it was sold off to private businesses for pennies on the dollar. Although scientists (and the citizens of Waxahachie) still mourn the loss of this major research center, there are several other machines in the world that do basically the same thing on a smaller scale. They're called particle accelerators, and the largest one is a mere 5 miles in diameter.
5. White Sea - Baltic Sea Canal
The Great Idea: Build a canal connecting the White Sea and the Baltic Sea as a way to strengthen the Soviet Union's military and economic might.
Say what you will about egomaniacal dictator Josef Stalin, but in 1933, he did the bureaucratically impossible: He completed a massive public works project on time and within budget. In 1930, Stalin had decided to dig a 141-mile canal connecting the White Sea to the Baltic Sea, in order to create a quick passage for cargo and warships. By mid-1933, it was complete. Not bad - unless, of course, you happened to pay attention to the worker death toll, which many estimates place in the tens of thousands. Stalin culled his construction crew from the ranks of prisoners in his Gulag detention camps, and when their numbers "dwindled," he supplemented the canal labor pool by simply arresting more people. Conditions on the project were brutal; malnourished workers were forced to break through rock with primitive tools, without the aid of explosives or heavy equipment. Sadly, their efforts went largely to waste. The canal proved too shallow for military vessels and saw little use by commercial ships. Stalin, however, was undeterred by the massive loss of life and utter failure of the canal. He went on to use the project as a springboard for numerous other prisoner-built ventures.
6. The Bimbo School
The Great Idea: When creating jobs for the unemployed, cater to the pretty people first.
In 2003, the European Union came up with a novel solution for lowering soaring unemployment levels among young people in Italy's Campania [wiki] region - history's first job-creation program catering solely to the physically attractive. With a grant of 1 million euros, the EU opened First Tel School, a quasi-educational program designed to train students to become TV game show hostesses. The eight-month program, labeled "bimbo school" by critics, offered courses on diction, make-up, and other skills necessary to get a job on one of the country's many popular game and variety shows.
The school's de facto policy of discriminating against all of Campania's less toothsome residents aside, First Tel also failed to admit enough students to offer any kind of relief to the region's unemployed population (which was estimated to be 50 percent of young people). Fewer than 100 spots were made available to the 1,200 Vanna White wannabes who applied. Worse still, even those who did make the cut received a whopping 2 euros for every class attended, as well as auditions for parts in the shows First Tel produced for Italian television stations. Meanwhile, rejected applicants remained unemployed and got daily, televised reminders of how unappealing they were.
See also: Bimbo School article in USA Today
7. Teton Dam
The Great Idea: Dam the Snake Teton River in Idaho. Sounds easy enough.
The planning and design phase of the Teton Dam in southeastern Idaho took nearly three decades; the construction took a little more than four years. The dam's total collapse, however, took exactly one afternoon. Realizing you just wasted some serious tax dollars? Priceless.
Built for just under $100 million between 1972 and 1976, the Teton Dam was supposed to provide irrigation, electricity, and (ironically) flood prevention for the thousands of people living in its 305-foot-tall shadow. But as the reservoir reached its full capacity on June 3, 1976, several small leaks began to appear in the dam. Crews were sent to patch the holes, but larger cracks followed, letting through water that eventually engulfed bulldozers and sent workmen fleeing in terror. Then, on June 5, the dam suddenly collapsed, sending more than 80 billion gallons of water rushing out of the reservoir and into the valley below. By the time the water stabilized more than five hours later, 11 people had died and hundreds of thousands of acres of land had been flooded. Despite the estimated $2 billion in damages, officials seriously considered constructing a new dam for several years afterwards. Eventually the idea was abandoned, but more recently, the flood site has gotten some good use as the route of the Teton Dam Marathon.
The article above was written by Doug Cantor for the Nov-Dec 2006 issue of mental_floss magazine (the 5th Anniversary edition!) - it is featured on Neatorama in partnership with mental_floss.
Be sure to check out mental_floss' website and blog:
NEATOSHOP SUMMER SALE: SAVE UP TO 20% OFF ALL T-SHIRTS
Save big on Funny T-shirts, Science T-shirts, Sci-fi T-shirts & more! Ends 7/12/15