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Unfortunately for the lower classes, there were many points in history in which a populace was at the mercy of an unstable or even insane sovereign ruler. Due to the frequency with which royal families internarried, mental and physical defects were more common than in normal populations. These were wildly different times, in which life wasn't generally valued as it is today, and the jealousy and competition for the throne between royal family members led to betrayals and murders.
An interesting article at i09 describes ten instances in which, not only did a mentally ill person reign over a region, but their actions as rulers brought about a significant change in the history of said region. Below is the story of number four on the list, the story of Sultan Mustafa of the Ottoman Empire, who reigned from 1617–18 and from 1622–23.
Ahmed I and Mustafa were royal brothers. At the time, it was expected that a sultan would have his brothers executed after he took the throne, in order to eliminate any competition for his position. (Mustafa and Ahmed's father Mehmed III executed 19 of his own brothers after he became sultan.) Ahmed took the throne at 13, at which time he sent his brother Mustafa, 11, to "the cage." The cage was a tower with no windows. There, Mustafa had no human contact.
When Ahmed died of typhus at age 28, his most powerful concubine argued against his eldest son taking the throne as, due to the custom of the sultan executing his brothers, she rightfully feared her sons by Ahmed would be killed. Thus Mustafa, who according to some sources had an intellectual disability from birth, was let out of the cage. He had been isolated there for fourteen years, which certainly had no positive effect on his mental state.
Reportedly always accompanied by two naked slave girls, Mustafa caused numerous problems as a leader. One was that he would appoint random people he liked to powerful posts in his kingdom. With untrained people in positions of power and the demented Mustafa in charge, the empire deteriorated. After only one year as sultan, Mustafa was again sent to the cage, along with his slave girls.
At that time, Ahmed's eldest son Osman took the throne and was a fairly competent leader. Yet when he banned his military from drinking and smoking, there was such a backlash against him that he was put to death by "compression of the testicles."
After Osman was killed, Mustafa was once again let out of the cage and given the throne. By that time, his mental health had declined to the point that he would stare off into space, giggling to himself at some unseen source. He also frequently sought out his nephew Osman, the former sultan, continually forgetting that Osman had been put to death. The Ottoman empire quickly began to disintegrate, at which time the Safavid Persian empire attacked the region and took control. Mustafa went to the cage again, never to re-emerge.
Read about other mentally ill monarchs whose actions (or inactions) changed history here.
This turkey running on a treadmill is not the kind you’re liable to eat. He doesn’t have much breast meat, after all -and it would be hard to catch him! He’s actually a lucky turkey, living the good life at Brown University as a subject in Dr. Thomas Roberts’ studies of animal motion. Read more about the science behind a turkey on a treadmill at Digg.
As The Oatmeal illustrates here in this comic, some things change, and some stay the same. Check out their amusing take on Thanksgiving, the bulk of which wasn't included here because of NSFW language. But regardless, I recommend you seeing the panels entitled "The Prep," "The Dishes, "The Binge" and "The Booze."
Becoming a vegetarian means giving up meat for eating, but does it also mean giving up meat for thinking?
Clickhole, the Onion’s annoying little cousin site, asked twelve vegetarians to draw a picture of a turkey, and the bizarre images they came up with seem to prove that you can have a vegetarian brain.
Some of the victims participants came pretty close to creating a drawing of what could be mistaken for a turkey across a crowded bar, after you’ve had a few drinks of course.
And then there’s this guy, who didn’t even come close!
His crappy artwork proves that his meaty brain has begun to turn into a mélange of freshly picked greens, mandarin oranges and candied almonds tossed in a light white peach vinaigrette, in other words disgusting.
Do yourself a favor and keep your brain meaty by eating lots of turkey this Thanksgiving, or else keep a photo of a turkey with you at all times to remind your leafy brain what meat looks like!
When you make lists about failed movies, you might focus on how bad they are, like The Room, or how few people went to see them, like Zyzzyx Road, but if you really want to define a box office bomb, you focus on how much money was lost. Most of the movies on the list of box office bombs at Buzzfeed are fairly recent, because no one spent a hundred million dollars to make a movie more than a couple of decades ago. Plus, a huge marketing and advertising budget will add to the cost that must be made up in ticket sales. Therefore, a movie you may have seen and liked can still be a bomb if it cost more than it earned. That said, you will see movie on the list that you’ve never heard of, despite advertising. They died out that quickly. Cowboys and Aliens, shown above, came in 25th.
The more dramatic and serious the movie is, the funnier these bad lip reading videos are. I don't know how they come up with some of this stuff, but it never fails to make me laugh. I hope you enjoy it as well. And, on an unrelated note, happy Thanksgiving, readers! (I'm sure I could work that into the bad lip reading somewhere.)
There was a fashion craze on college campuses in the 1920s of wearing a full-length raccoon fur coat. Probably the only reference you’ll see to those raccoon coats these days is in vintage cartoons, where they were a device used to identify a character as a college student at a football game. The luxurious coats were visually stunning, but in reality, the fad was mostly confined to Ivy League schools.
I had stumbled upon a snapshot of a moment in fashion history when American Ivy league-ers and young college undergrads began sporting heavy, full-length raccoon coats, which set the trend in 1920s & 30s men’s fashion and sparked a voracious demand for the extravagant garment across the country. If a man could afford a fur coat, he had one; bankers, salesmen and students alike used the style to signify or improve their social status.
They were expensive- several hundred dollars, which was out of reach for most students. That in itself made the raccoon coat a status symbol to be flaunted. Messy Nessy Chic relates the rise and fall of the collegiate raccoon coat in an article with plenty of pictures. The images capture the spirit of the prosperous, carefree Roaring Twenties.
John had always felt like Garfield was a very special cat, but he had no idea about that fat cat's royal heritage until a letter arrived from Africa addressed to His Royal Highness Prince Garfield of Mumbutu. The letter was an invitation to a coronation ceremony where Garfield would be pronouced Lasagna King, lasagna being the most prized food product in Mumbutu. John was happy to escort the royal furball to Africa, and Garfield was happy to eat every bit of lasagna in the kingdom!
Bring a touch of animated adventure to your geeky wardrobe with this Lasagna King t-shirt by Legendary Phoenix, it's way better than Mondays and sure to earn you lots of free lasagna dinners!
|Toror-O||The Spider Hero||Super Paranoid Android 42||Murray Christmas To You|
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Take standard Thanksgiving leftovers like mashed potatoes and cranberry sauce and transform them into fun and tasty new dishes with the recipes shown in this video. These are easy to make, so if you're tired of cooking after T-day, they will be perfect, quickly assembled snacks and meal solutions. -Via Laughing Squid
Long-time Neatorama readers might remember Dug, the lawn dinosaur in Redwood City, California. Dug gets dressed up for holidays, so right now he is sporting his turkey costume for Thanksgiving. And in case you didn’t see it, here’s a picture of him in this year’s Halloween costume. Redditor sarcasticonomist, who lives with Dug, says the chain is to keep him out of traffic. The human foot under his left leg was a gift. Happy Thanksgiving, Dug!
Ir's Wampa kitty's (previously at Neatorama) first Thanksgiving dinner, and she's sporting a pilgrim hat for the festivities. Her pal the chihuahua is around to keep her company as she samples the holiday treats on a special table made for the occasion. Wampa gets busy creating her own traditions, too, as she tramples the Thanksgiving table and makes the food go flying. Wampa instinctively knows that the coolest cats always manage to keep the party interesting! -Via Tastfully Offensive
Bears don’t have to wear pants …unless they are in Poland.
Those of us who are able to work while not wearing pants know we have a lot to be thankful for. But sweatpants might be nice when the family comes to visit for Thanksgiving. Especially if they bring pie. This comic from Liz Climo should give you a smile to greet your guests with.
It’s a Thanksgiving tradition for kids of all ages to sit down in front of a screen and watch an animated tale of turkeys, families and craziness unfold before their eyes.
TV fans can’t wait to see their favorite animated friends go on a Thanksgiving themed adventure each year, making viewers feel like they're along for the ride with their extended animated family.
Here's a review of ten great Thanksgiving themed animated TV episodes:
1. The Simpsons- Bart Vs. Thanksgiving-
Bart runs away from home and finds himself on the wrong side of the tracks, making him consider how much he has to be thankful for, even his Neanderthal father Homer.
The Simpsons have always approached holiday themed episodes with a fresh perspective, and this episode from season 2 manages to both poke fun at and show the true meaning of the holiday.
2. Aqua Teen Hunger Force- The Dressing-
The food monsters next door celebrate Thanksgiving a week later than everyone else, when suddenly a robotic turkey called Turkitron shows up and spins a yarn about traveling back in time to save the great, great grandfather of Goblox, the leader of the turkey rebellion.
3. American Dad- There Will Be Bad Blood-
The Smiths aren't your typical American family, but that doesn't mean they don't deal with the usual problems.
Take Stan's half-brother Rusty for instance- he's more American than Stan because he's Native American, and he's got more money than Stan and his family will ever make in their lives. So how does Stan deal with a family problem like Rusty? With a little lifestyle switcheroo, of course!
4. Bob's Burgers- An Indecent Thanksgiving Proposal-
Bob puts down the spatula and picks up a baster in this Thanksgiving themed episode full of deception, dirty little secrets and dinner theater.
Bob is hired by his landlord to cook a Thanksgiving meal, but this catering job comes with a price- Bob must let Linda and the kids pretend to be Mr. Fischoeder's family. Can Bob keep it together long enough to pull off this turkey day trick, or will he crack up before dinner is served?
You might be busy preparing your turkey and dressing as you watch this, and you might make the best pumpkin pie eve, but if you learn these fascinating facts about Thanksgiving food, you’ll have something more to say besides “Thank you,” when your dinner guests compliment your cooking. John Green uses this week’s mental_floss List Show to share some trivia about turkeys, dressing/stuffing/filling, potatoes, corn, cranberries, and other traditional Thanksgiving dishes. -via mental_floss
Mani the wild boar piglet and Candi the dog | Images: spiegel.de
Bored Panda asked readers to submit photos of special animal friendships, and the collection is heartwarming. Clearly, animals of all types, if they have a mind to, are capable of enjoying each others' companionship. Whether bonded by chance or special circumstance, the animal friends' joy in being with each other shows in these charming photos. See the entire collection here.
Bubbles the African elephant and Bella the black Labrador | Images: Barry Bland
Cat and goat | Image: imgur.com
The following is an article from The Annals of Improbable Research.
An Author's Query
by Harold P. Dowdl, Expectorant Author2
I'm plannning to write a book about strange case histories called Strange Case Histories. If possible, I hope to compile six strange case histories, in which case the book will be renamed, Six Strange Case Histories.
Left: Master portrait of rock star Jon Bon Jovi, including hair, nose, mouth, two eyes, one ear, and a well-trimmed beard, seen in full-face view from a vantage point directly in front of him. Possibly from the collection of H.P. Dowd. (Image credit: David Shankbone)
This book could make an important contribution to human unconsciousness given that case histories, to paraphrase an infamous analysis!' are "skylights to the attic's sole." They provide razor·sharp insights into the human mind- i.e., "what makes him tick?" or, to site another well·trod example, "kids do the darndest [sic?] things." In this era of neo·Victorian restraint, it is no longer fashionable to bore into the human skull as a means of fathoming the mysterious interplay between dozens (hundreds?) of neurons, as they go through their familiar, yet not-so- familiar, mating rituals. Fortunately, there is another route to the unconscionable- those rare individuals who speak so clearly, and indeed shamelessly, as to leave nothing concealed, no "skeletons in the closet," so to speak.
I already have one such case history that meets these adjectives. [lt was recovered by my friend Joe Martin who works every third Saturday at the Centerville Recycling Center.] I need at least five others to reach my penultimate target of six. Does anyone else know of any strange case histories they'd like to share -particularely those involving obsessions with rock stars from New Jersey (i.e. Bruce Stingspreen would do in a pitch).
A Better Idea
To give you a better idea of what I'm looking for, I shall briefly summarize the first case history, "Bon Jovi and Me," in its entirety. Other uninspired case histories would be sorely appreciated, preferably concocted to Bon Jovi in some way, shade or form.
Spirited evocation of a sculpture of rock star Jon Bon Jovi. Possibly from the collection of H.P. Dowd. (Image credit: Flickr user Fernanda Stéphanie R Carvalho)
Summary by Harold P. Dowd3
Summary [by Harold P. Dowd3 again]: The author of this article, clearly delusional, claims to have had several "close encounters" with Bon Jovi in his gym and grocery store, while infantasizing about future meetings in Atlantic City, an "airplane," and other locales besides the Wisconsin Dells.
There’s a strange phenomenon that occurs when a guy decides to give his soul over to the lame side and become a hipster- he starts to look just like every other hipster in the world.
From the beard to the super skinny jeans to the cheesy hat, there’s a definite similarity found in the style of all hipsters, even though they claim to eschew trends and societal norms.
If Hipster congruity has been keeping you up at night then worry no longer, because thanks to the hard work of neuroscientist Jonathan Touboul we now have a mathematical model to explain why all hipsters look alike.
He calls it the "hipster loop", a model based on neurons that "fire when every neuron around them is quiet, or fall silent when every neuron around them is chattering", because they were busy firing before it was cool. -via io9
The TV marathon has become a holiday custom in America, whatever the holiday. For the four (or five) day Thanksgiving weekend, there are plenty, whether you want to binge on Law & Order: SVU episodes, Pawn Stars, Indiana Jones movies, or Thanksgiving episodes of Friends. That’s just the beginning: 13th Annual National Dog Show follows the Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade, as it always does. A TV guide at The Daily Beast lists Christmas movies and specials as well as marathons.
Doc and Marty came across an old, and seemingly abandoned, police box behind the movie theater, and they liked the look of it so much they decided it would make the perfect replacement for that rusty old DeLorean. They towed the box to Doc's warehouse and drew up plans for a time machine 2.0, complete with flashing lights on top and whirring sound effect. The only problem with the scenario was that they couldn't open the door of the box, but then they discovered a strange handheld sonic device that resembled a screwdriver...
Share the sci-fi crossover sequel that will never be with this DeLorean 2.0 t-shirt by Donnie, and ask yourself- who is the coolest time traveler ever?
|Mini Dark Lord||Pacturtle||Migeta|
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Video game developers typically have some sort of time period in mind when they’re creating the look and feel of their world, a historical reference point which is easy to spot in the fantasy genre.
Fantasy is all about swords and sorcery, castles and dungeons, and kingdoms at war, so there has to be some historical truths behind our favorite fantasy games, right?
Destructoid community member and History Teacher RedHeadPeak asked himself this question with regards to The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, and decided to explore the reality behind in-game elements such as wolves, weapons and armor, and the abundance of books you see everywhere.
It’s a fascinating read that may make you see things differently when you play your next fantasy RPG. Read RedHeadPeak's Skyrim analysis here
ENIAC stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer, and the machine that bore the name is often considered the first true electronic computer, although that depends on how one defines “computer.” It weighed 27 tons, contained 17,468 vacuum tubes, and consisted of 40 huge interconnected metal panels. When ENIAC was deemed obsolete in 1955, it was dismantled, separated, and parts went to various locations, where the machine’s historical value was sometimes considered, sometimes not. Then in 2006, Ross Perot wanted a piece of computer history for his Plano, Texas, headquarters. Libby Craft was in charge of the project, for which her team decided to track down what was left of ENIAC. It was not an easy task.
Craft was on the verge of ending her search when an Army functionary dug up documents indicating that some panels had once been shipped from the Aberdeen (MD) Proving Ground to Oklahoma’s Fort Sill, home to the Army’s field artillery museum. When Craft contacted Fort Sill to inquire, the museum’s curator was stunned to discover that he did, indeed, possess the world’s largest trove of ENIAC hardware—nine panels in total, all stored in anonymous wooden crates that hadn’t been pried open in years. Fort Sill officials are unclear as to how they ended up with nearly a quarter of ENIAC, pieces of which also came to Oklahoma from the Anniston (AL) Army Depot.
An ENIAC technician changes a tube.
Craft struck a deal to borrow eight of Fort Sill’s panels in exchange for a promise to restore the hardware to some semblance of its former glory.
Read the story of just how they did that, and what happened to the remains of ENIAC (hint: you can go see it) at Wired. -via Digg
This clip shows Jack Nicholson preparing for a scene in Stanley Kubrick's The Shining. In the scene, Nicholson's character Jack Torrance chops into a locked bathroom door to get to his wife, for whom he has a violent plan. To prepare for filming the scene, Jack gets amped up by jumping up and down in place like a boxer would, grabbing the ax and vocalizing.
The clip is from The Making of the Shining, which is a short documentary film made during production by Stanley Kubrick's then 17-year-old daughter Vivian. The documentary is packaged with The Shining Two-Disc Special Edition as a special feature. Another documentary about the making of the movie is Staircases to Nowhere: Making Stanley Kubrick's 'The Shining' by Howard Berry, which is a fantastic series of interviews of people involved with the film. The aforementioned Kubrick-endorsed documentaries, as well as the (previously featured at Neatorama) Room 237, make interesting viewing for any fan of Kubrick's horror masterpiece.
Bill Cosby recently learned a hard lesson about crowdsourcing when his social media people decided to invite the 'Net to take images of Bill and turn them into memes.
Their site showed silly, and very gentle, examples of what they were looking for, but what they actually received was a torrent of rape accusations and bitter sarcasm in meme form.
Bill has been accused of multiple counts of rape, for which he has yet to have been found guilty, so why would his social media camp open him up to so much online heat?
My guess is they were trying to bring back that Cosby Show love and prove there's an audience for a new show, a gamble that backfired spectacularly, in other words in typical internet fashion.
So what's the lesson to be learned by Cosby's epic meme fail? Don't go fishing for compliments online, especially when you've got some (alleged) skeletons in your closet!
-Via New York Post
Now that the trailer for the movie Jurassic World is out, let’s all find problems with the dinosaurs in it. It happened with the first Jurassic Park movies, I think there were three of them. Movies, that is, not problems. Since the first Jurassic Park movie came out, we found out that dinosaurs often had feathers and probably quite a bit of color. And scientists have already weighed in with their criticisms of Jurassic World.
But see, the filmmakers expected this, and did an end-run around such quibbles by giving us a “hybrid,” genetically-modified, improved dinosaur. That could be anything, not necessarily tied to any real dinosaurs that ever lived.
Horror movies are rarely set in Los Angeles, preferring to use fake city names like Springwood and Cuesta Verde, and yet the vast majority of them are filmed within a hundred miles of Hollywood.
Making viewers believe that they’re seeing a location from Anywhere, U.S.A. is all part of movie magic, but when you discover the real life locations scattered around the City of Angels Google maps replaces magic.
Take a snapshot tour with LA Weekly as they reveal The L.A. Spots Where Your Favorite Horror Movies Were Filmed, including this famous bridge from the 80s classic The Lost Boys.
With a little storytelling, and an audience's willingness to believe, these everyday locales across Los Angeles transport the viewers to another place and time, but isn't it surprising how mundane most of these locations are in real life?!
It’s the ultimate showdown of badass fictional characters in black! Never mind the odd crossover of the Disney and DC universes -at least there’s no problem with the style of music for these two. Who will win when the Caped Crusader goes against the Sith Lord with light sabers? Enjoy this Super Power Beat Down video from MachinimaPrime. -via Gamma Squad
351 Farmington Avenue, Hartford, Connecticut
It's often said that writers' desks are important, in that they reflect their approach and routine. Thus, the homes of famous writers have always been of interest to people, particularly those immersed in the literary world, because they are an extension of that space. Short List assembled a collection of famous writers' former abodes, visible on Google maps. First they put together a list of Classic Authors' British Houses On Google Maps, and in a follow-up, they have a list of houses in the U.S., some of which are pictured here.
Check out the rest of these former homes of classic writers here.
1478 Clouser Avenue, Orlando, Florida
Edgar Allan Poe
203 N. Amity Street, Baltimore
This sounds like a setup for an “In Mother Russia…” joke, but it happened at the Igarka airport above the Arctic Circle. The flight to the Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk was in danger of being cancelled because the plane was frozen to the ground! Technicians said that the plane’s landing gear was greased with a lubricant that was not suitable for Arctic temperatures- and at 52 degrees below zero, that’s important. The airport’s tractor didn’t work, either, because its brake pads were frozen. What to do? The 70 or so passengers waiting for the flight were mostly oil field workers who wanted to go home, so they did what they had to do: they pushed the plane.
Ivan Ivanov caught this footage of the procedure. They managed to free the plane from the frozen tarmac, and the flight to Krasnoyarsk was completed without further problems. Read the story and see more pictures at The Siberian Times. -via Digg
Formed in 1980, R.E.M. enjoyed a lot of critical acclaim and success — particularly for a band whose roots were firmly in the alternative genre — before they disbanded in 2011. The referring article is a collection of ten facts about the band, the original members of which included frontman Michael Stipe, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist Mike Mills and drummer Bill Berry.
One fact that, in my mind, is completely understandable is the detestability of Shiny Happiness. The band's 1991 album Out of Time featured the song "Shiny, Happy People," which featured vocals by the B-52s' Kate Pierson. The single was released the same year. Yet how long can one reasonably remain shiny and happy, particularly when proclaiming they are such is a regular part of employment? For Michael Stipe and the band, the answer was several years or less. By 1995, Stipe publicly pronounced that he hated the song, as did the rest of the band.
Read more facts about R.E.M., including the origins of the album names Out of Time and Automatic for the People and an unfortunate tantrum of Peter Buck's on an airplane, here.